Trans World Airlines / Eastern Air Lines Flight 42 / 853

Trans World Airlines / Eastern Air Lines Flight 42 / 853Saturday December 4, 1965
Midair collision at 11,000 feet. Misjudgment of altitude separation by the crew of EAL 853 because of an optical illusion created by the up-slope effect of cloud tops resulting in an evasive maneuver by the EAL 853 crew and a reactionary evasive maneuver by the TWA 42 crew. The 707 landed at JFK despite losing 25 feet of the left wing. There were no injuries to the crew of 7 and 51 passengers aboard the 707. Three of the 46 passengers and 1 crew member aboard EAL 853 were killed. Misjudgment of altitude separation by the crew of the Constellation because of an optical illusion created by the up-slope effect of cloud tops, resulting in an evasive maneuver by the Constellation crew and a reactionary evasive maneuver by the Boeing crew.

Crash Details

DateSaturday December 4, 1965
LocationCarmel, New York
Passengers100
Crew12
Fatalities4
Survivors108
Aircraft TypeBoeing B-707-131B / L1049C Constellation
OperatorTrans World Airlines / Eastern Air Lines
RegistrationN748TW/N6218C
Flight OriginBoston
Flight Destination Newark
Carmel, New York
Trans World Airlines / Eastern Air Lines
Boeing B-707-131B / L1049C Constellation
1965