Lineas Aéreas Cave Tuesday November 28, 1989
The aircraft was making a night, VOR instrument approach to Runway 28. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, except for some parts of the airport which were obscured by low cloud. Approaching Runway 28, the aircraft was too high to land and the pilot chose instead to enter a right downwind to land on Runway 10. At approximately 400 feet above ground level on final for Runway 10, the aircraft entered some clouds, the base of which were reported by the tower operator to be at 10 meters. The aircraft continued its descent, initially striking some trees about 400 feet short of the runway, then shearing off one of the main landing gear on a hillside road about 200 feet prior to the runway. The aircraft, under full power and nose up, began to climb, but rolled inverted and crashed at the threshold of Runway 10. The wing fuel tanks were ruptured and the fuselage, trailing fire, slid across the runway and stopped on the parallel taxiway. A fire ensued and airport fire and rescue crews put out the fire within 10 minutes. Both pilots and one passenger were killed by impact and the remaining four passengers were taken to the hospital with moderate injuries. The primary cause of the accident was the pilot's decision to descend without visual reference to the surface. A contributing factor was the negative affect on crew performance that resulted from not using oxygen at 12,000 feet during the flight from Ciudad Guayana.